Most recently, Dr Shear has worked in the area of bereavement and grief. She recently developed a novel composite psychotherapy for the syndrome of complicated grief. Her work culminated in the publication of the first randomized controlled treatment study for complicated grief in June 2005. In September 2007, Dr Shear received a $2.6 million five-year grant from the National Institute of Mental Health to conduct the first clinical study to determine the effects of two different models of treatment for complicated grief in older adults. In August 2009, Dr Shear received a $1.8 million 5-year grant for a complicated grief multi-site treatment study examining the relative merits ofantidepressant medication with and without complicated grief treatment.